working definitions in the discussion of Science and Religion as presented
approaching this subject, a few understandings or premises must first
be established in order to create common ground. These premises are basic
definitions which describe the perceived need and purpose of this book:
1. "Science," "scientific thought," or "scientific
orientation" are used synonymously and refer to man's way of relating
to the world through the five senses, and through reason and logic in
the investigation of life and the universe.
2. "Religion" does not refer to any specific religion, nor specifically
to the practice of organized religion. Rather, it refers to a characteristic
way of relating to the world which is more devotional and based on feeling
and faith in God. It is the largely emotional appeal by people for Divine
guidance or Divine intervention in their lives. "Religious orientation"
and "religious awareness" are more precise terms for describing
this way of relating to the world.
3. In their general usage and influence, scientific and religious orientations
are viewed as polarities. They present very different world views in terms
of their explanation of relationships and phenomena and of their effect
on the role, purpose, and basic goals of the individual and the society.
4. The term "spiritual" refers neither exclusively to science
nor to religion. "Spiritual" is the world beyond man's physical,
emotional, and mental senses. It refers to energy, to life, to intelligence,
to love, and to purpose. It refers to all universal laws and principles
which govern the relationships in the Universe and life on our planet.
"Spiritual awareness" is the consequence of one's pursuit of
knowledge and understanding of the Universe using mind and heart. It
is seen in the context of this book as the ultimate goal of scientific
investigation and of religious devotion.
5. The term "God" refers to a universal concept beyond any form
given by any religious doctrine. It refers to ultimate truth, to the essential
unity and order in the Universe, to the source of energy and life in the
Universe, to infinite intelligence, to universal love. "God-consciousness"
is not a finite term. The concept of "God" expands as man's
consciousness expands. Human-centric consciousness defines "God"
in human terms. As one's horizons expand, the concept of "God"